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"Taraz" – Armenian traditional costume

    National dress is a kind of chronicle of the historical development and artistic creativity of the people. From ancient times it has reflected the ethnic and religious affiliation.
The mountain region occupies the most part of Caucasus and unites a variety of climate zones.
Caucasus has a mixed ethnography as well. It is home for over fifty nations and nationalities. So-called Caucasian type of men's wear has been formed under the influence of common features of work, everyday life and nature.
Every man in the Caucasus is a warrior-horseman, he is a shepherd or a husbandman. His clothes should be comfortable and reliably protect from the most difficult circumstances. Armenian costume has as many years as an ethnic group - nearly three thousand years. Since then, influenced by history and blood-thirsty muslim invaders, the traditional costume has been modified and transformed, but the basics are still unchanged.


    Since ancient times weapons have existed in the Armenian national costume and have a long tradition, as their existence was connected with a special organization of Armenian army.
As you know, in the Armenian language, the word "man" (Mard) and the word "warrior" (Martik) have the same root. Each man was considered a warrior and could be called up for military service at any moment. Men, who had the right to bear weapons, should always have it with them and come to the pre-marked, gathering place at a given signal. Later on, in some regions of the country, weapons have been replaced from the national due to a conscious and deliberate policy of the invaders. At the same time, in many regions of Armenia, where the Armenian statehood was preserved, the weapon remained just a part of the everyday costume.
Armenian-warrior is depicted in this picture as described in Xenophon's "Anabasis"
As already mentioned, male soldiers' mentality preservation was expressed in carrying of cold steel, as well as ensured the victory and the preservation of statehood.

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