COSTUME OF ANCIENT GREECE
GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE COUNTRY
In VII - I BC the culture of ancient Greece was flourishing in the southern part of Balkan peninsula. Natural conditions of Greece, warm maritime climate, fertile plains and mountain pastures, mineral-rich depths of the earth have determined the main activities and way of life of ancient Greeks.
Political structure of Greece differed from despotisms dominated in eastern countries of the ancient world. The foundation of political structure is democracy (governance of national assembly) and the slaveholding system.
Greek culture had a realistic character. Human consciousness of value and beauty, belief in unlimited human creativity, simplicity and clarity of artistic language, truthful reflection of reality were the main features that helped the antique culture to become very significant for the whole European culture in the future.
Everyday life of ancient Greeks had a social character. Public meetings were held with songs, dances, sports testing of the physical condition of the people. These features of the life and culture of ancient Greece found their deep reflection in the aesthetic ideal of human beauty, and in clothing.
AESTHETIC IDEAL OF BEAUTY
Like all Greek art, antique ideas of beauty remain the norm and a brilliant example for us in many respects. For the first time in human history the harmony of mind and body became the foundation of the aesthetic ideal of human beauty.
Patriotism, high civic awareness, development of the mental outlook and moral baggage must be combined with physical beauty: the proportions of a strong muscular body received much attention in the writings of thinkers, artists and poets.
The ideal athlete - citizen was embodied by Greek artist, Policlet in a bronze statue of "Doriphor" ("Spearman").